National Space Policy

The NSSA, in cooperation with the relevant authorities, have drafted the National Space Policy for the Kingdom of Bahrain space sector to translate His Majesty’s vision into action through specific objectives at national level. NSSA and all stakeholders are committed to these objectives and all seek to apply them, and to continuously verify the commitment to them.

The National Space Policy is based on five basic principles driven from Bahrain Economic Vision 2030, namely competitiveness, fairness, sustainability, partnership and interaction.

The space policy of the Kingdom of Bahrain is divided into three main sections:

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Objectives

The Kingdom objectives and aspirations in regard to space utilization and its sciences.

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Requirements

The basic success factors required to accomplish the objectives of this policy.

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Governance

Evaluation of the role of National Space Science Agency and other stakeholders in applying this policy and measuring the level of implementation

National Space Law

The NSSA, in cooperation with the relevant authorities, will work in the coming years on drafting the National Space Law for the Kingdom of Bahrain space sector in line with the Kingdoms laws and policies and international treaties governing outer space which have been developed under the auspices of the United Nations.

The National Space Law will cover rules and regulations, principles and standards governing space initiatives (beyond 100 Km) undertaken by the Kingdom, including the safe use of space technologies and applications and peaceful space exploration.  Furthermore, it will also organize the right to own resources found in space and space related commercial activities.

The National Space Law will include regulations related to registration of space objects, incident and risk management, space activity authorization, manned spaceflight activities, and auditing framework.

Satellite Image of Northern Bahrain

International Telecommunication Union

Space applications require communication between ground stations and space objects using different types of spectrum depending on the type of application used. Furthermore, satellites require specific orbits to be reserved.

Space agencies seek to reserve required frequency spectrum and/or orbits through relevant government bodies on the national level considering the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as its reference.

ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies, founded in 1865 to facilitate international connectivity in communications networks. The ITU allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits and develops the technical standards.

International Space Law

The international space law ensures­­­­ the harmony of domestic space laws among nations with space programs. Furthermore, the Kingdom will continue to respect international laws when developing and maintaining domestic legislation and regulations.

The NSSA represents and reflects the Kingdom in the international space community through active participation and contribution to key international organizations and forums related to outer space. The NSSA, in collaboration with the concerned national stakeholders, is also responsible for monitoring the international legal and regulatory environment to identify issues of interest to the Kingdom as they arise and contribute to the development of international regulations and norms that will enhance the stability and sustainability of the space industry and environment.

In addition to representing Bahrain’s interests regarding international law and recommended best practices in the space sector, the NSSA will continually assess existing relevant international and regional treaties and agreements to which the Kingdom could be part of and where possible initiate the process of establishing the cooperation.

NSSA have initiated for the Kingdom of Bahrain ratification of five main international space treaties developed under the auspices of the United Nations including the:

Bahrain is currently a signatory of two out of the five.

NSSA Internal Policies and Procedures

NSSA have developed a set of internal Policies and Procedures that govern all aspects related to the operations that are a key part of NSSA’s Quality Assurance System that ensure services are delivered effectively and up to required standards.

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